Our skin goes through many changes as we age. These changes are often seen through wrinkles and brown spots. Wrinkles are inevitable signs of aging, but many people get more brown spots at a faster rate than others. How do these occur and are there ways to prevent them from spreading so quickly?
What are brown spots?
Brown spots are usually results of hyperpigmentation. Melanin, which determines the color of our skin, is usually increased when our skin is exposed to the sun. It’s a defense mechanism that protects us from ultraviolet radiation, which can damage skin, destroy collagen, and even cause skin cancer.
When someone goes out into the sun, their skin often changes color. Those who are young typically have the golden, beautiful, tight skin that most of us wish we could have forever. Melanin does its magic and spreads beautiful toned colors wherever the sun hits the skin. For younger people, collagen is nice and fresh. For older folks, the difference is much more unpleasant to look at.
Hyperpigmentation often look like a cluster of brown spots or freckles. When skin is exposed to sunlight, Vitamin C is reduced significantly causing free radicals to damage skin cells. This is the reason we get wrinkles, brown spots, and sometimes even skin tags.
Helpful treatments for brown spots
Aging is inevitable and we will all surely get wrinkles, no matter how hard we try to prevent them. However, brown spots can be minimized with patience and proper care. Here are possible treatments you can incorporate into your skincare routine to prevent hyperpigmentation or higher than normal, melanin increase:
- Use creams with higher amounts of Vitamin C
- Antioxidants in diet
- Exfoliate to remove dead skin from adding more bacteria onto your skin
- Use red, yellow, and green light to even your skin tone. Light therapy helps reverse the damage that ultraviolet radiation causes and encourage the growth and distribution of healthy cells.