Acne vulgaris, commonly known as acne, is a common condition encompassing sporadic areas of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, greasy skin, and scarring. The condition usually occurs when hair follicles become clogged with sebum and dead skin cells. While many people experience it through puberty, others may experience in old age as well and therefore the long-term nature of this skin condition makes complete cessation of acne impossible. However, medical science has successfully evolved a number of treatments to control the symptoms of acne:
Topical therapy involves acne medication that is externally applied to the acne-affected areas of the skin in the form of gels, ointments, creams, soaps, and sprays. Topical products aimed at treating mild to moderate acne are often available over-the-counter, and may contain benzoyl peroxide, sulphur, salicylic acid, or resorcinol as active ingredients. On the other hand, when dealing with severe acne conditions like severe nodulocystic acne and Acne Conglobata, doctors may prescribe antimicrobial or retinoid creams on their own or in combination with other treatments.
Systemic therapy refers to oral acne medication. It encompasses antibiotics like tetracycline, doxycycline, minocycline, or erythromycin to control the symptoms of moderate to severe acne by reducing inflammation and targeting the acne-causing bacteria. Systemic therapies may also incorporate oral contraceptives, anti-androgen hormone pill, and high-dose prescriptions of vitamin A. In certain cystic acne cases, Isotretinoin may be used under close supervision of a dermatologist.
In recent years, light therapy or photo therapy has changed the face of acne treatments by presenting a painless, affordable and effective skin-clearing procedure. Photo therapy sessions can be administered in a skin doctor’s office, at home or under the supervision of a photo technician. The growth of acne-causing bacteria can be countered by exposing the skin to different wavelengths of light, particularly Blue light.
Blue light therapies are known to be particularly effective in combating acne vulgaris and encouraging cell growth for skin regeneration. The process involves emitting specific wavelengths of blue light over the affected areas to target the bacterial strains. The pulsated light and heat stimulates the growth of oxygen radicals that exterminate the P. acnes bacteria, which are pivotal in aggravating skin acne, without causing any damage to healthy skin.
Photo Therapy, specifically Blue Light Therapy has demonstrated promising results in destroying exceeding levels of acne-causing bacteria. The treatment is deemed effective for moderate inflammatory acne and can be administered at a doctor’s clinic or even at home using easy-to-use handheld devices from TheraLight. In contrast to the dryness and peeling side effects that accompany laser therapies and topical preparations of benzoyl peroxide, light therapy has been proven a safe course of treatment.